Health from the Hive: Therapeutic Potential of Propolis -A Review
The use of alternative medicine products has increased tremendously in recent decades. Honey bees (Apis mellifera) create propolis naturally from a variety of botanical sources. Since ancient times, propolis has been used for its antibacterial, antifungal, and anti-inflammatory properties. Due to functional benefits of propolis, many food sectors have employed it to improve the quality and wellness of products. In this review, we focus on compiling relevant information about propolis research related to the nutritional composition and the bioactive compounds in propolis along with their therapeutic importance and their effectiveness against various types of chronic medical conditions viz. diabetes, obesity, and cancer. The study could generate both new and accessible alternatives and the use of propolis for the treatment of various diseases and will help to effectively evaluate the safety of its use.