Inhibition of osteoclastogenesis and inflammation by phosvitin and phosvitin hydrolysate via NF-κB and MAPK pathways in RAW 264.7 cells
Phosvitin (PV) is an egg protein. Our recent study showed both phosvitin and phosvitin hydrolysate (PVH) could promote osteoblast differentiation in osteoblast cells. The objective of the study was to investigate the effects of PV and PVH on osteoclastogenesis and possible signalling pathways in RAW264.7 cells. Both PV and PVH inhibited osteoclastogenesis (fewer tartrate-resistant acid phosphatase (TRAP) positive cells and lower TRAP activity), reduced levels of transcription factors, c-Fos and NFATc1 (nuclear factor of activated T-cells, cytoplasmic 1), and suppressed inflammatory biomarkers TNF-α (tumor necrosis factor alpha), MCP-1 (monocyte chemoattractant protein 1), RANTES (regulated on activation, normal T cell expressed and secreted), and inducible nitric oxide synthase. The inhibitory effects of PV and PVH on RAW264.7 cells differentiation were likely mediated through p38, c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) and nuclear factor kappa-light-chain-enhancer of activated B cells (NF-κB) pathways. These results indicated that PV and PVH might inhibit bone resorption activities.